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Fetal Alcohol Syndrome

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome or Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD)
Results in some babies when alcohol is consumed during pregancy resulting in problems occuring in the baby who is exposed to alcohol via the cross over into the fetal blood stream via the placenta. Common known problems that occur can include; low birth weight, distinctive facial features, heart defects, behavioural problems in early childhood and later life and intellectual disability.
These are the common known problems; however FASD goes alot deeper than this and regardless of the appearance of the common facial features; there may still be aspects of FASD within the baby/child/adult.
At birth some of the following features may be apparent:  
Head: measurements ma be smaller than normal in some case or in some cases abnormally larger.
Eyes: may appear small and may appear more widely distanced than normal.
Nose bridge: may be flattened.
Ears: may be higher or lower, malformed or unmatched in size. The helical root in the ear may be very pronounced across the ear, parallel to the upper root (like railway tracks)
Philtrum: (between the nose and the mouth) may be flat (no grooves) and may be short or long, adding to a smooth rounded look.
Upper lip: (Verrmillion- the red part) may appear very thin, and may be hair lip (slit)
Roof of the mouth: may be cleft, (not fullyformed, leaving a hole in the roof) 
Face/Head: may be marked with external clusters of red blood vessels
Fingers: index and little finger may be shorter, pointy, may have partial or no nail and fingers may not open fully
Arm/ Wrist: may not rotate a full 180 degrees (halfway around- palm up, palm down)
Legs: may be stick like with large joints
Feet: may be clubbed, or turned up toward the front of the leg
Hips: may be out of place
Neural tubes: may have developed ouside the body rather than inside
Tail bone: may have a dimple just above
Baby: may be fretful, unable to suck well, difficult to settle for sleep, may resist cuddles, holding and touch. May be bothered by the feel of seams, labels and certain material. Some of these features may become less of a concern as the baby gets older.
Meconium testing which involves testing the babies first stools after birth show any alcohol use by the mother in the last 14 weeks of pregnancy. Meconium testing will also detect some other drug use as well. 
Other Common related conditions linked to FASD
While the list above outlines pysical symptoms of FASD there are other related conditions that may be of lifelong health and social concerns 
  • Mental retardation, loss of or erratic IQ levels
  • Height & weight deficiencies
  • Excessive Weight in girls during teen years
  • Sleep disorders
  • Seizures/epilepsy
  • Dental problems- too many teeth for size of jaw, crooked teeth, impacted teeth.
  • Immune deficiancy problems
  • Renal and liver problems
  • Horseshoe kidneyt (malformed)
  • Tremors
  • Asthma
  • Speech and language disorders
  • Tight Hamstrings (walks on tippy toes)
  • Autistic traits (may be high or low functioning)
  • Developmental and coordination impairments
  • Central auditory processing disorder
  • Social problems- poor attention, lying, stealing, poor social skills with peers,
  • Developmental delays
  • Mental health problems in later life including child and adolescent (depression, anxiety, self harm & suicidal risk)
  • Tourettes syndrome (some or all traits)
  • Increased risk of ODD (reactive outbursts of uncontrolled behaviour during childhood)
  • Reactive attachment disorder
  • High pain tolerance
  • Indifference to hot and cold
  • heart defects & heart failure
  • Vision problems
  • Dyslexia, Irlens syndrome
  • Impulsive behaviour
  • Sociopathic behaviour in later life (ie. schizophrenia and other delusional disorders)
  • Defness and or increased ear complaints including ear aches
  • Cerebral palsy
  • Limited ability to show empathy
  • Cognitive perseveration (stuck in an acitvity)
  • Ridgid thinking
  • Limited ability to transition to new activities or situations
  • Night terrors
  • Social problems in adults also - dishonesty, no remorse, poor judgment, lack of insight, lack of moral judgment, sexually impulsive and inappropriate, physical aggression; general antisocial traits that may lead to criminal activity 
 
As you can see; FASD is a life long concern that not only impairs the life of the afflicted child or adult; it impacts on the community at many levels. In the past FASD has been viewed in regard to it's birth symptoms but this outlines many other issues that may missed or diagnosed later as ADHD, ODD, autism or learning disorder non specific. A more accurate diagnosis may not change the diagnosis but it can improve the supports put in place as well as reduce the likelyhood of further children being born with this syndrome within a family if parents are provided with support and education.
 
Please share your thoughts, comments & questions

24 Comments to Fetal Alcohol Syndrome:

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foot pain on Tuesday, 11 September 2012 8:49 PM
When a woman drinks alcohol during pregnancy, she risks giving birth to a child who will be born with full-blown fetal alcohol syndrome. So we all should care about this issue. Thanks
Reply to comment
 
responsible service of alcohol sydney on Saturday, 23 March 2013 5:25 PM
Awareness is the best solution for preventing and curing from any kind of disease like alcohol addiction. It is important to have a knowledge about the this disease.


responsible service of alcohol on Tuesday, 26 March 2013 2:49 PM
A very informative site. The way you have share this information is really very appreciative. Hope to see more on this topic here. Thanks for posting this information here.


Liz on Saturday, 15 September 2012 7:49 AM
This is so true, and what can be a simple moment of pleasure in having a drink or two to unwind can create a lifetime of pain for an individual and their family, future friends and community in the hardships that can come from fetal alcohol syndrome
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Mahia Abdy on Thursday, 4 October 2012 1:39 PM
Outstanding subject at all about pregnancy! I think all this points seem to me very positive at all. Really I was looking forward to read about it. Thanks for this allocation. :lol:
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Tinnitus miracle on Saturday, 13 October 2012 9:08 PM
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Tinnitus miracle on Saturday, 13 October 2012 10:15 PM
Really an excellent article!! Your instruction is most helpful for every one. We should be very conscious about the Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. Your instruction indicates us the demerits of Fetal Alcohol Syndrome. I am grateful for your kind instruction.
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teenage mutant ninja turtles on Wednesday, 17 October 2012 9:06 PM
This is very appreciable post. a pregnant woman should be careful to her health. it is necessary not only for her but also her baby.
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Simple alcohols, in particular, ethanol and methanol, possess denaturing and inert rendering properties, leading to their use as anti microbial agents in medicine, pharmacy, and industry. Thanks a lot.
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This blog post mentioned great sense to fetal alcohol syndrome. Pregnant woman need to aware about this fact because consuming alcohol during pregnancy times causes physical and mental damage to the baby. Thanks
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Morgan Itzel on Monday, 5 November 2012 4:27 PM
I am grateful for your nice written information. I am pleased to read Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder (FASD). It is really so important for everyone, who is alcoholic or not. Keep up the great work.
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Kayla strout on Sunday, 25 November 2012 6:37 PM
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qld rsa online on Saturday, 1 December 2012 5:18 PM
Fetal alcohol syndrome is growth, mental, and physical problems that may occur in a baby when a mother drinks alcohol during pregnancy.
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Dennis Adison on Friday, 21 December 2012 7:34 AM
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drug test kits on Thursday, 27 December 2012 3:16 PM
Fetal alcohol syndrome is the most serious type of FASD.Alcohol abuse is common in men and women both..Thanks for sharing this information with us..
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Pharma Wholesalers on Friday, 28 December 2012 6:06 PM
I totally agree with your points you write in your post. Thank you so much for sharing...
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physical therapist on Monday, 11 February 2013 3:27 PM
As everything passes through the transplant placenta from mother to infant so pregnant women should be very careful about having food while pregnancy and should avoid having alcohol completely otherwise it'll be troubling for the new born baby. Thanks for your careful attention.
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s everything passes through the transplant placenta from mother to infant so pregnant women should be very careful about having food while pregnancy and should avoid having alcoh
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A more accurate diagnosis may not change the diagnosis but it can improve the supports put in place as well as reduce the likelyhood of further children being born with this syndrome within a family if parents are provided with support and education.
Reply to comment


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